 Calculating
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Year 1
Year 2
 Relate addition to counting on; recognise that addition can be done in any order, use practical and informal written methods to support the addition of a one-digit number or a multiple of 10 to a one-digit or two-digit numberUnderstand subtraction as 'take away' and find a 'difference' by counting up; use practical and informal written methods to support the subtraction of a one-digit number from a one-digit or two-digit number and a multiple of 10 from a two-digit number Add or subtract mentally a one-digit number or a multiple of 10 to or from any two-digit number; use practical and informal written methods to add and subtract two-digit numbers Understand that subtraction is the inverse of addition and vice versa; use this to derive and record related addition and subtraction number sentences Solve practical problems that involve combining groups of 2, 5 or 10, or sharing into equal groups Represent repeated addition and arrays as multiplication, and sharing and repeated subtraction (grouping) as division; use practical and informal written methods and related vocabulary to support multiplication and division, including calculations with remainders Use the vocabulary related to addition and subtraction and symbols to describe and record addition and subtraction number sentences Use the symbols +, –, x, ÷ and = to record and interpret number sentences involving all four operations; calculate the value of an unknown in a number sentence